This page intentionally left blank Preface he thesis of Ideas and Details is simple and straightforward: Good writing combines fresh ideas energized by vivid details. Within this principle, endless variation is possible, whether you are persuading parents that smallpox vaccines are dangerous or describing a puddle rippling in the breeze.
Brainstorming Having established reader and purpose, your next step in planning a text is to collect all your data and thoughts. There are several methods that can help you.
One of them is to "brainstorm". Think of this as a "storm in the brain". Focus on your audience and purpose and list ideas as they come to mind, whether general or specific. Do not pay attention to the form your brainstorm takes.
You might list words, phrases or sentences or a combination of these.
Do not try to organize your thoughts as you brainstorm - that will come later. This is just a technique to help free up your mind so that ideas can flow easily. The list of ideas you considered in exercise 8 with the idea of focusing on the intended reader was the product of a brainstorm.
Try brainstorming for yourself. Exercise 9 gives you a list of subjects you could use, or think up one of your own. Mind-mapping or clustering Once you have completed a brainstorm, you may want to form those ideas into a "mind map".
This is a visual representation of your ideas. Look at your brainstorm and decide if you can group some of the ideas into several major categories and subcategories. Remember to eliminate ideas that [ TIP ] are not vital to the report.
Draw a circle in the middle of the paper and write the purpose of your report in the circle. Draw lines out from the circle and label them with the major categories you have chosen. Then draw branches from those lines and include the subcategories. You can continue this process until you are including the actual details on the branches of the map.
A mind map can help you see your major categories and subdivisions before you make decisions about how to organize the paper. It is also a useful way for you to look at your ideas and decide, again, which ones are not vital to the report.
There some good commercial software programmes to help you draw a mind map. Some offer free trials. Search for "mind mapping" on the Internet. Free-writing Another technique that helps to generate ideas is to "free-write". Like brainstorming, this technique is a way to free up the mind, to allow it to focus on ideas rather than on accuracy and organization.
Choose one of the ideas from your brainstorm or your mind-map and write for 5 to 10 minutes on that one idea. The goal is to keep writing, to keep the pen or pencil in contact with the paper or keep your fingers on the keyboard.
You might want to set a timer. This technique does not appeal to everyone, but it is worth a try. Outlining Organizing information for long reports is a difficult task. Having decided on the purpose and the audience and on what to include in the report, the next step is to develop an overall plan.
If you have created a mind map, you can use it to help to produce an outline.1. Question: Why is prewriting important in the writing process? Which of the following methods may be most effective when working with a partner?
Student Answer: Freewriting Brainstorming Outlining Cubing Points Received: 1 . The majority of jobs are filled through methods such as these, not through the classifieds.
This does not mean that you should never respond to a posted job opening. Smaller communities, for example, are much more likely to have a higher ratio of job postings per actual jobs than a larger city.
Freewriting, brainstorming, and clustering are all planning regardbouddhiste.comlse10 points Question 2When analyzing a reading, it is always best to make Write a summary of On Dream english 2.
Heat method of sterilization: This is the most common method of sterilization. The heat used kills the microbes in the substance. The temperature of the heat and duration of heating are the factors that affect the extent of sterilization.
“In essence, there is some form of writing in class every day, from freewriting, brainstorming, making lists, planning, drafting, revising, proofreading, or even analyzing the style of other. Also, freewriting tends to focus you on one idea; a list leads you to many alternatives.
If you really like to freewrite, first do a short brain teaser list, then freewrite on the best idea your list generated.